Kajian Irigasi Interval 1 Hari di Musim Kemarau pada Sistem Pemanenan Air Limpasan

Debby Shafira Chandra(1*), Nurpilihan Bafdal(2), Kharistya Amaru(3),


(1) Universitas Padjadjaran
(2) Universitas Padjadjaran
(3) Universitas Padjadjaran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The water resource problems in dry season at Jatinangor dry land are the imbalance between water needs and water availability. Technology that can help the farmers in dry season is by using a runoff water harvesting system for irrigation use. Irrigation interval is applied so that water use is more efficient. The purposes of this study are to calculate crop water requirement of sweet corn (Zea mays L. Saccharata Sturt) by using Cropwat 8.0 Software and to find out the use of runoff water harvesting systems on one day interval irrigation in the dry season. This research use descriptive analysis method. The results showed that based on Cropwat 8.0, the crop water requirement of sweet corn is 300,6 mm/periode and the runoff water harvesting pond can fulfill the irrigation water needs of sweet corn in the dry season with actual irrigation water requirement of 55,6 m3 on 221  m2 width of area. The productivity yield of sweet corn is 13,25  tons /ha.

Keywords


Runoff Water Harvesting, Irrigation Interval, Water Requirement, Dry Season, Sweet Corn

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, R.G., Pereira, L.S., Raes, D., Smith, M. (1998). Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 56 FAO: Crop Evapotraspiration., guidelines for computing crop water requirements. Rome: FAO.

Bafdal, N., Dwiratna, N.P.S & Kendarto, D.R. (2015). Runoff Management Technology for Integrated Dry Land Agriculture in Jatinangor Research Center West Java Indonesia. Egypt J. Desert Res, 65, 1-11.

Bafdal, N and Dwiratna, N.P.S. (2016). Penjadwalan Irigasi Berbasis Neraca Air pada Sistem Pemanenan Air Limpasan Permukaan untuk Pertanian Lahan Kering. Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian, 4(2):219-226.

Djaman, K., Michael, O., Curtis, K.O., Daniel, S & Komlan, K. (2018). Crop Evapotranspiration, Irrigation Water Requirement and Water Productivity of Maize from Meterological Data Under Semiarid Climate. Article MDPI Water 10:1-17.

Dwiratna, N.P.S and Asdak, C. (2013). Analisis Curah Hujan dan Aplikasinya dalam Penetapan Jadwal dan Pola Tanam Pertanian Lahan Kering di Kabupaten Bandung. Jurnal Ilmu Hayati dan Fisik, 15(1):29-34.

Dwiratna, N.P.S and Bafdal, N. (2016). Irrigation Scheduling on Runoff Harvesting for Dryland Farming. The 2nd International Symposium on Agricultural and Biosystem Engineering. Yogyakarta, Indonesia; 2016. p. A01.1-A01.8.

Dwiratna, N.P.S., Bafdal, N & Asdak, C. (2018). Study of Runoff Farming System to Improve Dryland Cropping Index in Indonesia. International Journal on Advance Science Engineering Information Technology, 8(2):390-396.

Kartikasari, R. (2018). Analisis Kapasitas Resapan Kolam Pemanenan Air Lipasan Denga Model Neraca Air Untuk Pertanian Lahan Kering Di Kawasan Pendidikan Jatinangor. Skripsi. Jatinangor: FTIP, Unpad.

Lakitan, B. (2002). Dasar-Dasar Klimatologi. Jakarta: Pt. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Rahmat, P. (2013). Budidaya Gurami. Jakarta Selatan: Agromedia. p 38.

Reddy, K. S., Kumar, M., Rao, K.V., Maruthi, V., Reddy, B.M.K., Umesh B., Ganesh, B.R., Srinivasa R.K., Vijayalakshmi & Venkateswarlu, B. (2012). Farm Ponds: A Climate Resilient Technology for Rainfed Agriculture; Planning, Design and Construction. India: Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31289/agr.v3i2.2591

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Agrotekma: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Ilmu Pertanian
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Medan Area
Universitas Medan Area, Jalan Kolam No. 1, Pasar V, Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara http://ojs.uma.ac.id/index.php/agrotekma dan Email: agrotekma@uma.ac.id
Creative Commons License