FORMULATION AND ANTIBACTERIAL TEST OF STAR ANISE EXTRACT (Illicium verum Hook.F) AS A HAND SANITIZER


Dhanang Puspita(1*), Eli Ardhiawati(2), Desi Desi(3),


(1) Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(2) Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(3) Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The hand becomes one of the body parts that are easily exposed to microorganisms because of their high mobility. Hand sanitizer is a liquid that can be used to kill microbes. Hands become one of the body parts that are easily exposed to microorganisms because of their high mobility. Hand sanitizer is a liquid that can be used to kill microorganisms. Most hand sanitizers contain alcohol and triclosan, which can be bad for the skin if used in excessive amounts. It is necessary to substitute alcohol and triclosan as an antibacterial, one of which is star anise (Illicium verum Hook.f). Star anise contains flavonoids and tannins, which can function as antibacterial and safe for health.  The objective of this study was to make a hand sanitizer formulation from star anise and test its antibacterial strength. The method used was a laboratory experiment with stages; Star anise extraction and antibacterial test. The results of the hand sanitizer formulation of the biggest star anise extract in inhibiting are 10% star anise extract. Inhibitory zone of 10% star anise extract at 6.2 ± 0.76 mm and included in the medium category.

Keywords


Antibacterial hand sanitizer, star anise

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aminah Asgad, Aprilia Bagas R, N. (2018). Kualitas Gel Pembersih Tangan ( Hand sanitizer ) dari Ekstrak Batang Pisang dengan Penambahan Alkohol , Triklosan dan Gliserin yang Berbeda Dosisnya. Bioeksperimen, 4(2), 61–70. https://doi.org/10.23917/bioeksperimen.v4i1.2795

Ave Regina Rosari, Agus Selamet Duniaji, K. A. N. (2018). Uji Fitokimia Ekstrak Bunga Lawang (Illicium verum Hook. f). Jurnal ILmu Dan Teknologi Pangan, 7(4), 148–155.

Engel, R., Gutmann, M., Hartisch, C., Koodziej, H., & Nahrstedtl, A. (1998). Study on the Composition of the Volatile Fraction of Hamamelis virginiana Study on the Composition of the Volatile Fraction of Hamamelis virginiana. Planta Medica, 64 (May 1998), 251–258. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-957420

Eva, L., Wahyudi, B. F., Ustiawan, A., & Dewi, D. I. (2019). Potensi Minyak Atsiri Bunga Lawang ( Illicium verum ) sebagai Repelen Nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Jurnal Balaba, 15(1), 13–22.

Grace, X. ., Sowmya, K. ., Darsika, C., Jothy, A., & Shanmuganathan, S. (2015). Polyherbal Hand Sanitizer-Formulation And Evaluation. Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2(2), 143–144.

Harsa, M. ., Misra, B., Chaithra, C. ., & Ramana, V. (2016). Evaluation Of Bactericidal Activity Of Herbal Hand Sanitizer. International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research, 4(8), 24–28.

Haryati, S. ., Darmawati, S., & Wilson, W. (2017). Perbandingan Efek Ekstrak Buah Alpukat (Persea americana Mill) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Pseudomonas aeruginosa Dengan Metode Disk Dan Sumuran. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Publikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat “Implementasi Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Untuk Peningkatan Kekayaan Intelektual” Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, 30 (pp. 348–352).

Hilmarni. (2019). Uji Efek Teratogenik Infusa Bunga Lawang (Illicium verum Hook.f) Pada Mencit Putih. Jurnal Akademi Farmasi Prayoga, 4(1), 14–23.

Nurmalasari, W., & Sofian, F. F. (2012). Aktivitas Antikanker Serviks Dari Beberapa Tanaman Obat. Jurnal Farmaka, 16(1), 337–344.

Rahmawati, N., & Sudjarwo, E. (2011). Uji aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak herbal terhadap bakteri Escherichia coli. Jurnal Ilmu-IlmuPeternakan, 24(3), 24–31.

Retno Sari, D. I. (2006). Studi efektivitas sediaan gel antiseptik tangan ekstrak daun sirih ( Piper betle Linn .). Majalah Farmasi Indionesia, 17(4), 163–169.

Rini, E. ., & Nugraheni, E. (2018). Uji Daya Hambat Berbagai Merek Hand Sanitizer Gel terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Escherichia coli dan Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Clinical Research, 01(01), 18–26. https://doi.org/10.20961/jpscr.v3i1.15380

Rizkita, A. . (2017). Efektivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Daun Sereh Wangi, Sirih Hijau, Dan Jahe Merah Terhadap Pertumbuhan Streptococcus mutans. In Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi-Fakultas Teknik Universitas




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/biolink.v7i1.3416

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Biologi, Universitas Medan Area

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License