PREFERENSI PAKAN DI HUTAN DAN PADANG RUMPUT Rusa timorensis Blainville 1822 DI PULAU PEUCANG TAMAN NASIONAL UJUNG KULON

Mufti Sudibyo(1*),


(1) Universitas Negeri Medan
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Rusa timorensisis native wildlife Indonesia which have protected status that require attention in order to preserve and utilization. This study aimed to preference level of the type of diet, and mineral nutrient content of feed in the conservation area Peucang Island. Data collection was performed by following the daily movement of deer and record all types of plants are edible. Neu indexes was used to scoring of level feed,chi square test was used to distinguish in the level of preference, and inspection of feed nutrients and minerals was done in the laboratory animal science. The results showed Cynodon dactylon, Axonopus compressus, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Dendrolobium umbellatum, Lagerstroemiawhere the types of feed most preferred by the index value of the preference of feed w> 1, there where differences in the choice of feed indicated by the chi-square test χ2count = 23.1850> χ2 (0:05, 10) = 18:31, nutritional value and mineral feed in the forests and grasslands showed no significant difference (p> 0.05). Deer in Peucang have a tendency to choose the type of feed that contains the same nutrients and minerals between feed in the forest or grassland although of a different kind.

Keywords


Rusa timorensis, food preferences, nutrition and mineral feed

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afzalani , R. A. Muthalib & E. Musnandar. 2008. Preferensi Pakan, Tingkah Laku Makan dan Kebutuhan Nutrien Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor) dalam Usaha Penangkaran di Provinsi Jambi. Media Peternakan 31(2): 114-121

Arifin & Rifanti F. 2007. Analisis Preferensi Makan & Ketersediaan Jenis Makanan Rusa (Cervus Timorensis Lyd) Di Daerah Penangkaran Ranca Upas Ciwidey Bandung, Jawa Barat. Skripsi. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Garsetiasih, R. dan M. Takandjandji . 2007. Model penangkaran rusa. Prosiding Ekspose Hasil-Hasil Penelitian. 2007.

Ginantra IK.2008. Ekologi Perilaku makan Rusa timor (Cervus timorensis Blainville 1822) di Taman Nasional Bali Barat. Tesis Biologi IPB.

Handarini R. ND Hanafi, dan M. Tafsin 2009 Upaya Peningkatan Populasi Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor) Melalui Pendekatan Nutrisi Dan Manajemen Reproduksi Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing, Faperta USU Medan

Hariadi BT dan T.Sraun. 2013. Pendugaan Daya Tampung Rusa Liar (Cervus timorensis) Di Padang Rumput Mar Taman Nasional Wasur Merauke. Prosiding Semnas II HITPI April hal : 194 - 200

Hartanto I. 2011. Komposisi botani pakan rusa timor (cervus timorensis) di penangkaran rusa timor desa sumberingin kab. Blitar. Thesis. Universitas Brawijaya.

Heyne K 1987. Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia. Diterjemahkan oleh Badan Litbang Kehutanan. Penerbit Yayasan Sarana Wana Jaya. Jakarta

Kii WY and G.McL. Dryden. 2005. 2005. Water consumption by rusa deer (Cervus timorensis) stags as infl uenced by different types of food.Animal Science80: 83-88.

Masuko T and Y Ishijima. 2001. A Nutritional Study of Yeso Sika Deer (Cervus Nippon Yesoensis) under Farming. Asian-Austr. J.Anim. Sci 14(5): 701 – 709

Muhammad Zia Ul Haq (2013) Perilaku dan Aspek Pakan Rusa Timor (Rusa timorensis Blainville 1822) remaja pada kandang dan jenis pakan yang berbeda. Departemen ilmu produksi dan teknologi peternakan fakultas peternakan institut pertanian bogor

Sastrapradja S, Afriastini JJ, Sutarno H. 1983. Makanan Ternak. Lembaga Biologi Nasional-LIPI. Bogor.

Sastrpradja S, Afriastini JJ, 1980. Jenis rumput dataran rendah. Lembaga Biologi Nasional LIPI- Bogor.

Sastrpradja S. & Afriastini JJ, 1981. Rumput pegunungan. Lembaga Biologi Nasional LIPI- Bogor.

Semiadi G, Nugraha RTP. 2004. Panduan pemeliharaan rusa tropis. Pusat Penelitian Biologi. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Bogor. 155 – 162

Subeno. 2007. Pola Aktivitas Harian dan Interaksi Banteng dan Rusa Dalam Pemanfaatan Kawasan Padang Rumput Sadengan di Taman Nasional Alas Purwo, Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur. J. Ilmu Kehutanan 1(2) : 1 – 9

Sudibyo M, Y. Santosa, B. Masy’ud, & T. Toharmat. 2013.Preferences of Rusa timorensis to Grasses and Their Body Morphometry and Velvet Antler Characteristics. Media Peternakan 36(2) :143 -151.

Wichatitsky GM, Y. Soubeyran. D. Maillard.And P. Duncan. 2005. The diets of introduced rusa deer (Cervus timorensis russa) in a native sclerophyll forest and a native rainforest of New Caledonia New Zealand Journal of Zoology32: 117–126




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31289/biolink.v2i1.766

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1096 times
PDF - 159 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


BIOLINK: JURNAL BIOLOGI LINGKUNGAN,INDUSTRI, KESEHATAN
Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi, Universitas Medan Area
Universitas Medan Area, Jalan Kolam No. 1, Pasar V, Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara http://ojs.uma.ac.id/index.php/biolink dan Email: biolink@uma.ac.id
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License