Manufacture of Water Pipe From Clampshell Powder Materials

Abdul Rahmansyah(1*), zulfikar zulfikar(2), bobby umroh(3),


(1) Institut Teknologi Medan
(2) Mechanical Engineering Dept., Engineering Faculty, University of Medan Area
(3) Mechanical Engineering Dept., Engineering Faculty, University of Medan Area
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In general, household waste water pipelines use plastic pipes of PVC type that are not environmentally friendly and are relatively expensive. Therefore, this research will design molds and manufacture of composite pipes using raw materials of clampshell powder. The raw material used is clampshell powder with the composition of MgO and CaO compounds which is about 22.28% and 66.70%. The mixture of materials used consisted of clampshell powder with a size of 40 mesh, catalyst, and unsaturated polyester resin as a matrix. The objective of this study is manufacture of water pipes made from polymer composites reinforced by clampshell powder. Composite pipe manufacturing is carried out using the casting method. Pipe molds are made of stainless steel with a diameter of 40.46 mm (1.6 in) and an outer diameter of 50.8 mm (2 in). This mold size follows SNI 06-0084-2002 standards. The results of the study, water pipes from polymer composite material reinforced by clampshell powder with an inner diameter size of 40.64 mm and varying outside diameter. This variation depends on the composition of the clampshell powder in composite materials. The greater the clampshell powder composition, the more easily the maximum pipe wall thickness can be obtained. The average wall thickness variation is 3.35 mm. This variation is still included in the polymer water pipe requirements, which is a minimum of 2 mm.

Keywords


Water pipe; clampshell powder; casting method; polymeric composites

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, I. (2017). PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH CANGKANG KERANG DARAH ( Anadara granosa ) SEBAGAI BAHAN ABRASIF DALAM PASTA GIGI Utilization of Waste Shells of Blood ( Anadara granosa ) as Abrasive Ingredients in Toothpaste, 6(April), 49–59.

Arief, Z., & Zulfikar. (2012). ANALISA KEKUATAN STATIK TARIK MATERIAL KOMPOSIT POLIMER SERAT BUAH PINANG DENGAN PERLAKUAN PERENDAMAN LARUTAN NaOH 1 M 1 %, 3(2), 224–227.

Dan-asabe, B. (2016). Thermo-mechanical characterization of banana particulate reinforced PVC composite as piping material. Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksues.2016.11.001

Koh, R., & Madsen, B. (2018). Strength Failure Criteria Analysis for a Flax Fibre Reinforced Composite. Mechanics of Materials. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2018.05.005

Li, X., Lei, B., Lin, Z., Huang, L., Tan, S., & Cai, X. (2013). The utilization of bamboo charcoal enhances wood plastic composites with excellent mechanical and thermal properties. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS&DESIGN. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.028

T, R. P. (2016). Effect of synthetic graphite and activated charcoal addition on the mechanical , microstructure and wear properties of AZ 81 Mg alloys. Integrative Medicine Research, (x x), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2015.12.001

Zhang, L., Ernst, L. J., & Brouwer, H. R. (1997). A study of nonlinear viscoelasticity of an unsaturated polyester resin . Part 1 . Uniaxial model b ,*, 26, 141–166.

Zhang, L., Ernst, L. J., & Brouwer, H. R. (1998). Transverse behavior of a unidirectional composite ( glass fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester ), 27, 37–61.

Zulfikar. (2010). PEMBUATAN DAN PENYELIDIKAN PERILAKU MEKANIK MATERIAL POLYMERIC FOAM DIPERKUAT SERAT TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT. Mekintek, 1(1), 1–9.

Zulfikar, & Misdawati. (2018). Manufacture of mold of polymeric composite water pipe reinforced charcoal Manufacture of mold of polymeric composite water pipe reinforced charcoal. In Friendly City 4 ‘From Research to Implementation For Better Sustainability’ (pp. 3–8). Medan: IOP Publisher. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/

Zuraidah, S., S, L. O. A., Hastono, B., & Soemantoro. (2017). LIMBAH CANGKANG KERANG SEBAGAI SUBTITUSI AGREGAT KASAR PADA CAMPURAN BETON. Jurnal Teknik Sipil Unitomo, 1, 21–28.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31289/jmemme.v2i2.2105

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JMEMME: JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, MANUFACTURES, MATERIALS AND ENERGY
Program Studi Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Tenik, Universitas Medan Area
Universitas Medan Area, Jalan Kolam No. 1, Pasar V, Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara http://ojs.uma.ac.id/index.php/jmemme dan Email: jmemme@uma.ac.id
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License