Politik Pembangunan Organisasi Kemasyarakatan Islam Indonesia – Malaysia


Heri Kusmanto(1), Warjio Warjio(2),


(1) Universitas Sumatera Utara
(2) Universitas Sumatera Utara

Abstract


Politically, Kelantan is unique compared to other states in Malaysia. Manifestations of the doctrine of competition between UMNO and PAS occurred in this last fortress of the Malay states (the last bastions of Malayness). Different political doctrines has caused relations between PAS-led Kelantan State Government and Federal Government, the UMNO-led Alliance, is always hot. But the doctrine of competition began to simmer down, upon the occurrence of the May 13, 1969 event, which allows both parties to come up with a government known as the PAS-Alliance Coalition Government (1973-1974) and later to be replaced by the Barisan Nasional (National Front) Government in 1974. PAS position in the National Front only lasted for three and a half years, when a political turmoil brewed up and has caused the party's expulsion. The expulsion of PAS from the National Front has caused the defeat of PAS to lose Kelantan State Legislative Assembly in the 1978 General Election. This provides the opportunity to the UMNO-led Barisan Nasional to rule Kelantan for 12 years and engage itself in extensive political strategies to defend its position from being constantly attacks by the PAS opposition quarters. However, due to some internal and external problems in the UMNO, PAS has won back the administration of the state of Kelantan by winning State Legislative Assembly in the 1990 general election.


Keywords


Politics, Kelantan, PAS, UMNO and National Front

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Butary, B. (2008). Ruh Pengembangan Al-Jam’iyatul Washliyah. Kisaran: Bunafitas.

Al-Umari, A.D. (2000). Masyarakat Madani di Zaman Nabi. Kuala Lumpur: The International Institute of Islamic Thought.

Arifin, M.T. (1990). Muhammadiyah Potret yang Berubah. Surakarta: Institut Gelanggang Pemikiran Filsafat Sosial Budaya dan Pendidikan.

Azra, A. (2000). Menuju Masyarakat Madani, Gagasan, Fakta dan Tantangan. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Heffner, R.W. (2000). Civil Islam: Muslim and Democration in Indonesia. New Jersey: Princeton University.

Heffner, R.W. (ed). (2005). Remaking Muslim Politics, Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization. Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Heffner, R.W. (ed). (2009). Making Modern Muslims, the Politics of Islamic Education in Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’I Press.

Hikam, M.A.S. (2000). Islam, Demokratisasi dan Pemberdayaan Civil Society. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Kusmanto, H, (2013). Islamic Based of Civil Society: Political Accomodation and the Role of Democratizations in North Sumatera. Disertasi. Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Kusmanto, H. & Warjio. (2018). Model Politik Pembangunan Organisasi Kemasyarakatan Islam Muhammadiyah dan Al Washliyah di Kota Medan. JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area, 6(2), 144-155.

Madjid, N. (1999). Cita-Cita Politik Islam Era Reformasi. Jakarta: Paramadina.

Sabrie, M.Z. (1986). “Muhammadiyah antara Stagnasi dan Kekuatan”, dalam M. Rusli Karim (ed), Muhammadiyah dalam Kritik dan Komentar. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Salleh, M.S. (1990). Konsep dan Pelaksanaan Pembangunan Berteraskan Islam. Pulau Pinang: Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Salleh, M.S. (2002). Pembangunan Berteraskan Islam. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications and Distributors Sdn. Bhd.

Tamimy, M.D. (1990). “Latar Belakang Berdirinya Muhammadiyah”, dalam Muhammadiyah: Sejarah Pemikiran dan Amal-Usaha. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana-Tim Pembina Al-Islam dan Kemuhammadiyahan UMM.

Warjio, (2013). Politik Pembangunan Islam Pemikiran dan Implementasi. Medan: Perdana Publishing.

Warjio, (2016). Politik Pembangunan: Paradoks, Teori, Aktor dan Ideologi. Jakarta: Kencana.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/jppuma.v7i2.2415

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Universitas Medan Area


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License