The Failure of New Political Parties and ID Figures: Nobility of Technocrats in Analysis of Voting Behavior in Jambi


Hatta Abdi Muhammad(1*), Nopyandri Nopyandri(2),


(1) Jambi University
(2) Jambi University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims at analyzing the failure of the Perindo Party, PSI, Garuda Party, and Berkarya Party as new political parties in the 2019 election contestation in Jambi Province. This study was a qualitative descriptive study and data were obtained through observation, interviews, and archival records. After the data was collected, the data were analyzed using interactive model analysis. The results of this study showed that the failure of these four new political parties in Jambi Province was related to the absence of figures that were widely known to the public. The characteristics of local politics which were affected by emotional and primordial ties made political parties adopt the technocrat aristocratic pattern to maintain their existence in the political arena in Jambi Province. The success of political parties in Jambi Province was closely related to public voting behavior that was influenced by the presence of figures with technocrat backgrounds in large parties. It was proven by the existence of old parties because they had famous figures from former officials or state apparatus as well as families of public officials such as Hasan Basri Agus (Golkar), and Nurdin Hamzah family (PAN).

Keywords


Figure ID; Voting Behavior; Technocratic Nobility; New Party

References


Ananta, A., Arifin, E. N., & Suryadinata, L. (2004). Indonesian electoral behaviour: a statistical perspective. Singapore: ISEAS.

Aspinall, E., & Mietzner., M. (2010). Problems of democratization in Indonesia: elections, intitutions and society. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies Press.

Badan Pusat Statistik (2019). Provinsi Jambi dalam angka 2019. Kota Jambi: BPS Provinsi Jambi.

Bartels, L., M. (2012). The study of electoral behavior: the oxford handbook of american elections and political behavior. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, A. P. E., Converse., W., Miller, E., & Stokes, D., E. (1960). The American voter. New York: Wiley.

Choi, N. (2007). ‘Elections, parties and elites in Indonesia’s local politics’. South East Asia Research, 15(3), 325–354. https://doi.org/10.5367/000000007782717731

Dalton, R. J. (2002). Citizen politics: public opinion and political parties in advanced industrial democracies. New York: Chatham House Publishers.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI (1986). Upacara Tradisional dalam Kaitannya dengan Peristiwa Alam dan Kepercayaan Daerah Jambi. Jakarta: Author.

Diwakar, R. (2010). Voting behaviour. The Encyclopedia of Political Science, 1 - 6.

Diamond, L., & Gunther, R. (2001). Political parties and democracy. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.

Downs, A. (1957). An economic theory of democracy. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Evans, J. A. (2004). Voters and voting: an introduction. London: Sage Publications.

Efriza. (2019). ‘Eksistensi partai politik dalam persepsi publik’. Jurnal Politica : Dinamika Masalah Politik Dalam Negeri & Hubungan Internasional, 10 (1), pp. 17-38.

Flanagan, W. G. (2010). Urban sociology: images and structure. London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Gaffar, A. (1992). Javanese voters: a case study of election under a hegemonic party system. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Halim, W. (2017). ‘Perspektif pertukaran sosial dalam perilaku politik masyarakat pada pilkada Kota Malang 2013’. Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review, 2 (2), pp. 201-226.

Halim, A & Pahrudin HM (2020). ‘The study of Seloko Adat as savety-valve to prevent religious conflict in Jambi City, Indonesia’. JSP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Vol. 23, Issue 3, March 2020, pp. 223-236. DOI: 10.22146/jsp.50532.

Halim, A & Pahrudin HM (2019). ‘The role of local wisdom as religious conflict resolution in Jambi Indonesia’. Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan. Vol. 27 No. 2 (2019) pp. 353-374. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/ws.27.2.4358.

Hadiz, V. R. (2010). Localizing power in post-authoritarian indonesia: a Southeast Asian perspective. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Hutabarat, Melvin Perjuangan (2012). ‘Fenomena orang kuat lokal di Indonesia di era desentralisasi, studi kasus tentang dinamika kekuasaan Zulkifli Nurdin di Jambi’. Thesis. Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Politik Universitas Indonesia.

Joubish, M. Farooq, Khurram, M. A., Ahmed, A., Fatima, S. T., & Haider, K. (2011). ‘Paragdigms and charactierics of good qualitative research’. Worl Applied Sciences Journal, 12 (11), pp. 2082–2087. Retrieved from http://www.idosi.org/wasj/wasj12(11)/23.pdf

King., & Dwight, Y. (2001). Half haltered reform: electoral institution and the struggle for democracy in Indonesia. Wesport, Connecticut, Praeger.

Katz, R. S., & Mair, P. (1995). ‘Changing models of party organization and party democracy: the emergence of the cartel party’. SAGE Social Science Collections: Party Politics, 1(1), pp. 5-28. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068895001001001

Lembaga Adat Provinsi Jambi (2003). Dinamika adat Jambi dalam era global. Kota Jambi: Author.

Liddle, R.W., & Mujani, S. (2007). ‘Leadership, party, and religion: explaining voting behavior in Indonesia’. Comparative Political Studies, 40 (7), pp. 832 - 857.

Lindayanty. (2013). Jambi dalam sejarah 1500-1942. Kota Jambi: Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Provinsi Jambi.

Mainwaring, S., & Scully, T. (1995). Building democratic institutions: party systems in Latin America. Stanford. CA: Stanford University Press.

Mainwaring, S., & Torcal, M. (2006). Party system institutionalization and party system theory after the third wave of democratization. London: SAGE Social Science Collections.

Mujani, S., Liddle, R.W., & Ambardi, K (2012). Kuasa rakyat. Jakarta: Mizan.

Mujani, S., Liddle, R.W., & Ambardi, K (2019). Kaum demokrat kritis, analisis perilaku pemilih Indonesia sejak demokratisasi. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Nasikun (2004). Sistem sosial Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada.

Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action: public goods and the theory of groups. Cambridge. MA: Harvard University Press.

Purwaningsih, T. (2015). Politik Kekerabatan dan Kualitas Kandidat di Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Politik, 1 (1), 97 – 123

Riker, W.H., & Ordeshook. P. C. (1968). A Theory of the Calculus of Voting. American Political Science Review, 62 (2), 25-43

Roth, D. (2008). Studi pemilu empiris: sumber, teori, instrumen dan metode. Jakarta: Friderich-Naumann-Stiftung fur die Freiheit.

Saldana, Miles., & Huberman. (2014). Qualitative data analysis. USA: SAGE Publications.

Samadhi, W. P., & Warouw, N. (2009). Building democracy on the sand: advances and setbacks in Indonesia. Yogyakarta & Jakarta: Demos & PCD Press.

Sutisna, A. (2017). ‘Gejala proliferasi dinasti politik di Banten era kepemimpinan gubernur Ratu Atut Chosiyah’. Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review, 2 (2), pp. 100-120.

Sobari, W. (2016). ‘Anut grubyuk in the voting process: the neglected explanation of Javanese voters (preliminary findings)’. Southeast Asian Studies, 5 (2), 239-268. https://doi.org/10.20495/seas.5.2_239

Sobari, W. (2019). ‘Capacity and adequacy: explicating voting behavior in a multilevel and concurrent local election’. Journal of Political and Policy, 2 (1), pp. 1-32.

Winters, J. A. (2011). Oligarchy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/jppuma.v9i2.4375

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 JPPUMA: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik UMA (Journal of Governance and Political Social UMA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Medan Area
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License