THE EFFECT OF PASTEURIZATION STAGE ON THE PRODUCTION OF STRAW MUSHROOM (VOLVARIELLA VOLVACEA, BULL. EX. FR./SING.)


Jessica Elfani Bermuli(1), Wahyu Irawati(2), Reisky Megawati Tammu(3),


(1) Universitas Pelita Harapan, Karawaci, Tangerang
(2) Universitas Pelita Harapan, Karawaci, Tangerang
(3) Universitas Pelita Harapan, Karawaci, Tangerang

Abstract


God created Indonesia with a tropical climate that is very appropriate to support the development of straw mushroom cultivation (Volvariella volvaceae). One of the stages of mushroom cultivation sequentially is pasteurization. This study aims to determine the effect of pasteurization stages, the accuracy of the pasteurization temperature, and the factors that influence the growth of straw mushrooms. The method in this study was carried out using livestock manure, with a composition of 400 gr goat manure and 500 gr rabbit manure. The pasteurization stage is maintained at a temperature of 60-700C with a humidity of 80-90%. The watering interval at the observation stage was 4 days with a frequency of 40% in experiment 1 and every day or a frequency of 100% in experiment 2. The results showed that the pasteurization stage was very influential on the mushroom growing media. Inaccuracy in pasteurization resulted in many weeds that thrived, thus inhibiting the growth of straw mushrooms. The optimal temperature in the pasteurization stage is 60-900C. The factors that influence the growth of mushroom are the selection of materials as fertilizers for mushroom cultivation, temperature, humidity include interval and frequency of watering, pasteurization process, weeding the contaminants, and time of observation.

Keywords


Cultivation; Manure; Pasteurization; Straw Mushroom; Temperature

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achmad, Mugiono, Arlianti, T., & Azmi, C. (2011). Panduan Lengkap Jamur. (M. Petre, Ed.) Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Agromedia, T. R. (2002). Budidaya Jamur Konsumsi. Jakarta: Agromedia Pustaka.

Anggrayni, Y., Bandem, P. D., & Sirojul, A. M. (2013). Rabbit Giving Effect of Fertilizers Waste Plant Growth and Results of Kailan on Alluvial Soil. Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian, II(1).

Bao, D., & Wang, H. (2016). Identification and Application of Volvariella volvacea Mating Type Genes to Mushroom Breeding. (M. Petre, Ed.) Elsevier.

Damanik, M. B., Hasibuan, B. E., Fauzi, S., & Hanum, H. (2010). Kesuburan tanah dan pemupukan. Medan: USU Press.

Djatmiko, & Anwar, R. (2017). Pengaruh Paket Teknologi Bokashi Kotoran Kelinci Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Kentang. Jurnal AGROQUA, XV(2), 59-65.

Ejigu, D., & Kabede, T. (2015). Effect of Different Organic Substrates and their Pasteurization Methods on Growth Performance, Yield and Nutritionalvalues of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) for Small Scale Cultivation at Arsi University, Ethiopia. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: C Biological Science, XV(6), 18-30.

Hartatik, W., & Widowati, L. (2006). Pupuk Kandang. In Pupuk organik dan pupuk hayati (pp. 59-82). Bogor: Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Ichsan, C. N., Harum, F., & Nana, A. (2011). Growth and Yield Charateristic of Volvariella volvaceae L. in Different Growing Media and Biogreen Fertilizer Concentration. Jurnal Floratek, VI(2), 171-180.

Irawati, W. (2017, Maret). The Influence Of Media Thickness And Straw Cutting On Production Of Straw Mushroom (Volvariella volvaceae, Bull. Ex. Fr./Sing.). Jurnal Hutan Tropis, V(1), 56-63.

Kasworo, A., Izzati, M., & Kismartini. (2013). Daur Ulang Kotoran Ternak sebagai Upaya Mndukung Peternakan Sapi Potong yang Berkelanjutan di Desa Jogonayan Kecamatan Ngablak Kabupaten Magelang. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan.

Kurtzman, R. H. (2010, Desember). Pasteurization of mushroom substrate and other solids. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, IV(13), 936-941.

Kusuma, A. G., Yenie, E., & Andrio, D. (2018). Pengaruh Kondisi Lingkungan Optimum Selama Pertumbuhan Jamur Merang (Volvariella volvacea) terhadap Proses Delignifikasi Limbah Tandan Kosong Sawit (Tks). Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Teknik, V(2), 1-7.

Rahmawati, N., Hassanuddin, & Rosmayati. (2016). Budidaya dan Pengolahan Jamur Merang (Volvariella volvaceae) dengan Media Limbah Jerami. Abdimas Talenta. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, I(1), 58-63.

Rajup, M. (2020). Pengaruh Interval Waktu Penyiraman dan Cara Penyiraman Terhadap Pertumbuhan Serta Produksi Jamur Tiram Putih (Pleurotus ostreatus) di Bawah Kelapa Sawit Umur 12 Tahun. Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara (UMSU), Fakultas Pertanian. Medan: Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara (UMSU). Retrieved from http://repository.umsu.ac.id/bitstream/123456789/14698/1/Skripsi%20rajup%20perbaikan%20oke%20november%20rajup%201234.pdf

Ruminta, Wahyudin, A., & Hanifa, M. L. (2017, Agustus). Effects of NPK and rabbit organic fertilizer on yields of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [Linn.] Moench) in rainfed land Jatinangor. Jurnal Kultivasi, XVI(2), 362-367.

Safitri, A. D., Linda, R., & Rahmawati. (2017). Aplikasi Pupuk Organik Cair (POC) Kotoran Kambing Difermentasikan Dengan EM4 Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produktivitas Tanaman Cabai Rawit (Capsicum frutescents L.) Var. Bara. Jurnal Protobiont: Journal of Biological Sciences, VI(3), 182-187.

Sajimin, Y., Rahardjo, C., & Purwantari, N. D. (2005). Potensi Kotoran Kelinci sebagai Pupuk Organik dan Pemanfaatannya pada Tanaman Pakan dan Sayuran. Lokakarya Nasional Potensi dan Peluang Pengembangan Usaha Agribisnis Kelinci, (pp. 156-160).

Saputra, W. (2014). Budi Daya Jamur Merang: Dua kali panen setiap hari. Jakarta: AgroMedia Pustaka.

Setiyono, S., Gatot, G., & Ademarta, R. (2013). Effects of Thickness and Composition of Media on Growth and Yield of Paddy Straw Mushroom. Agritrop Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, XI(1), 47-53.

Siregar, M., & Ritonga, E. S. (2014, Desember). Effect Paddy Straw Mushroom on Formulation and Medium Thickness. Jurnal Dinamika Pertanian, XXIX(3), 225-230.

Sunandar, B. (2010). Budidaya Jamur Merang. Bandung: BPTP Jawa Barat.

Suriawiria, U. (2002). Budidaya Jamur Tiram. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Urry, L. A., Cain, M. L., Wasserman, S. A., Minorsky, P. V., & Reece, J. B. (2017). Campbell Biology (11th Edition). USA: Pearson Education.

Wangrimen, G. H., Ferdian, Valentine, M., Budiyanti, Y., & Sari, I. J. (2017). Pengaruh Intensitas Cahaya dan Nutrisi Terhadap Pertumbuhan Miselium Pleurotus ostreatus di Tangerang. Biogenesis - Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, V(2), 93-98.

Yuliani, F. (2009). Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Jamur Merang (Volvariella volvaceae) yang Ditanam pada Media Jerami, Blotong dan Ampas Tebu dengan Berbagai Frekwensi Penyiraman. Sains dan Teknologi, II(1), 1-15. Retrieved from http://eprints.umk.ac.id/100/1/PERTUMBUHAN_DAN_PRODUKSI_JAMUR_MERANG.pdf

Yuliati, Y. B. (2016). Pengaruh takaran berbagai pupuk bokashi sebagai penambah nutrisi pada media tanam terhadap hasil jamur merang (Volvariella volvacea). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia dan Pendidikan Kimia III. Surakarta.

Zuyasna, Nasution, M., & Fitriani, D. (2011). Effect of Media and Concentration of Super A-1 Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Mushrooms. Jurnal Floratek, VI(1), 92-103.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/biolink.v8i2.6167

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Saintek, Program Studi Biologi, Universitas Medan Area

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License