KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS MANGROVE DI PANTAI MUTIARA DESA KOTA PARI KECAMATAN PANTAI CERMIN KABUPATEN SERDANG BEDAGAI PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA


Sina sina(1*), Retna Astuti Kuswardani(2), Jamilah Nasution(3),


(1) Univeritas Medan Area
(2) Universitas Medan Area
(3) Universitas Medan Area
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This Research on the diversity of Mangrove species in Pantai Mutiara Pari Village, Pantai Cermin Subdistrict, Serdang Bedagai Regency, North Sumatera Province was conducted in October s.d November 2012. The objective of this research is to know the diversity of species and mangrove vegetation based on growth level. The research method is explorative survey technique method. The sample collection for the research vegetation data consisted of observation plots with a total of 12 plots derived from 3 transects. The results of the study were 6 species of mangroves: Avicennia marina, Bruguiera sexangula, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora stylosa, Rhizophora mucronata, and Nypa fruticans, belonging to 3 families namely Avicenniaceae, Rhizophoraceae, and Arecaceae. From the analysis, it is known that Avicennia marina, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora stylosa species dominate the coastal area of Pantai Mutiara Desa Kota Pari Pantai Pantai Cermin. Based on the analysis of data obtained, the index of diversity (H ') of mangroves on the beach is low, ie the seedlings H' = 0.87, the H1 = 1,34 and the H '= 1.20. This indicates that the type of mangrove contained in the beach is small.

Keywords


Mangrove, diversity, vegetation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, T. 1989. Potentiallities of Mangrove Forest Related to Coastal Aquaculture: A Case Study in Bone-Bone Luwu South Sulawesi. Reasearch Institute of Coastal Aquaculture Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Symposium on Mangrove Management : Its Ecological and Economic Consideration. Bogor. Indonesia. August 9-11,1988. Biotrop Spesial Publication No. 37. Published by SEAMEO-BIOTROP.

Aksornkoae, S. 1993. Ecology and Management of Mangrove. The IUCN Wetlands Programme. Bangkok. Thailand.

Barbour, G.M., J.K. Burk, and W.D. Pitts. 1987. Terrestrial Plant Ecology. Loa Angeles: The Benyamin/Cummings Publishing Company.Inc.

Causton, D.R. 1998. Introduction to Vegetation Analysis, Principles, practice and interpretation.Unwin Hyman.London.

Dahuri, Rais R.J., Ginting dan Sitepu, M.J, 2002. Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Wilayah Pesisir Dan Lautan Secara Terpadu, Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta.

Indriyanto.2006. Ekologi Hutan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Kusmana, C.1995. Habitat Hutan Mangrove Dan Biota. Laboratorium Ekologi Hutan Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor.Bogor.

Ludwig, J.A. and J.F. Reynolds. 1988.Statistical Ecology. A Primer on Methods and Computing. John Wiley and Sons. New York.

MacNae,W.1968.A General Account of the fauna and flora of Mangrove Swamps and Foret in the Indo-West-Pasific Region.Adv.Mar. Biol., 6: 73-270.

Muller-Dombois, D. Dan H. Ellenberg.1974. Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology.John Wiley and Sons. New York.

Murdiyanto,B.2003. Mengenal, Memelihara, Dan Melestarikan Ekosistem Bakau. Jakarta. Direktorat Jendral Perikanan Tangka Departemen Kelautan Dan Perikanan.

Noor, Y.S., M. Khazali, dan I.N.N. Suryadipura. 2006, Panduan Pengenalan Mangrove di Indonesia, PKA/WI,IPB Bogor.

Odum, P. E. 1971. Dasar-Dasar Ekologi. Terjemahan Ir.Tjahjono Samingan. Cet.2. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Pemerintahan Kabupaten Serdang Berdagai. 2009. Laporan Status Lingkungan Hidup Daerah Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai. Sei Rampah.Sumatera Utara.

Sugiarto, E., 2005. Penghijauan Pantai, Penebar Swadaya,Jakarta.

Sulistiyowati, H. 2009. Biodiversitas mangrove di cagar alam Pulau sempu jurnal saintek, vol,8,no.1s

Susilo, 2007. Pengelolaan Ekosistem Mangrove Di Kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan Kabupaten Deli Serdang Sumatera Utara. [Tesis]. Program Pascasarjana.Institut Pertanian Bogor.Bogor.

Tomlinson,P.B.1986.The Botany of Mangroves. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, U.K.,419 pp.

Triswanto, A.2002.Tinjauan Pendekatan Ekologis dalam Rehabilitasi Hutan Mangrove di Provinsi NTB.Tesis. Bogor:IPB.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/biolink.v2i1.774

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 2422 times
PDF - 91 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Fakultas Biologi, Universitas Medan Area

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License