Dilematika Posisi Perempuan Sebagai Ibu dalam Tindak Pidana Pembuangan dan Pembunuhan Bayi Tinjauan Viktimologi Kritis


Laili Nur Anisah(1), Bella Setia Ningrum Amin(2),


(1) Universitas Widya Mataram
(2) Universitas Widya Mataram

Abstract


The issue of the disposal and infanticide by their biological mothers is not one of the reasons for the abolition of the crime. Mothers can still be prosecuted as criminals. Nevertheless, that is not the only problem. The reason for fear of the birth of their baby is known by many people needs to be re-examined. This paper attempts to look at the role of mothers as perpetrators of the crime of disposal and infanticide through the perspective of critical victimology. The study was conducted with a comparative study of 5 district court rulings on infanticide and infant discharge. The results of this study indicate that the intense pressure comes from the mother's fear of growing and developing values in society about unwanted pregnancies. This fear encourages mothers to have independent births that can kill themselves and their babies. Another result of the study is that the mother's partner has never been charged with participating in or assisting in infanticide.


Keywords


Woman, Disposal Babies, Infanticide Babies, Victimology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dina Lumbantobing dkk, 2019, Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Masyarakat Terhadap Kehamilan Tidak Diinginkan di Delapan Provinsi Sumatra: Antara Norma Agama, Adat dan Negara, dalam Jurnal Perempuan, Perempuan dan Kesehatan, Vol. 34 Nomor 3 Agustus 2019, Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan, Jakarta

, Pengantar Krimonologi: Teori, Metode, dan Perilaku Kriminal, Fajar Interpratama Mandiri, Jakarta.

Hamzah, Andi, 2009, Delik-Delik Tertentu (Speciale Delicten) di dalam KUHP, Sinar Grafika, Jakarta.

Indah, Maya S., 2014, Perlindungan Korban: Suatu Perspektif Viktimologi dan Kriminologi, Edisi Kedua, Kencana Prenadamedia Grup, Jakarta.

Julia Suryakusuma, 2011, Ibuisme Negara: Konstruksi Sosial Keperempuanan Orde Baru, Komunitas Bambu, Jakarta, hlm 10-15.

Mawby, R. I., Walklate, S., 1994, Critical Victimology, International Perspectives, Sage Publication, London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi.

Mr. J. M. van Bemmelen, 1979, Hukum Pidana 3: Bagian Khusus Delik-Delik Khusus, Bina Cipta, Bandung.

Laili Anisah, 2018, Tindak Pidana Perzinahan RUU KUHP: Perlindungan Hukum vs Kriminalisasi Perempuan, dalam Jurnal Perempuan, Hukum Pidana dan Ketimpangan Gender, Vol. 23 Nomor 2 Mei 2018, Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan, Jakarta.

Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1946 tentang Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana.

Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 1981 tentang Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana. Lembaran Negara Nomor 127 Tahun 1985. Lembaran Negara Nomor 76 Tahun 1981.

Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 tentang Perlindungan Anak. Lembaran Negara Nomor 109 Tahun 2002.

Catatan komnas perempuan 2020, https://komnasperempuan.go.id/catatan-tahunan-detail/info-grafis-catahu-2020-catatan-tahunan-kekerasan-terhadap-perempuan-tahun-2019, diakses tanggal 20 Juli 2021.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/doktrina.v5i1.6180

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License