Desain dan Pembuatan Cetakan Papan Tiruan Metode Cetak Tekan


Christoper Hutasoit(1*), Frawito T.S. Sihombing(2), Trio Ismanto Padang(3),


(1) Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Teknologi Medan
(2) Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Teknologi Medan
(3) Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Teknologi Medan
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Peningkatan kebutuhan kayu untuk keperluan papan dan lain-lain mendorong dilakukannya penyelidikan untuk membuat kayu dari bahan lain yang melimpah dan ramah lingkungan. Kerusakan hutan menyebabkan penggunaan kayu dari hutan dibatasi sehingga mendorong kegiatan penyelidikan untuk mendapatkan kayu tiruan dari bahan alami. Wilayah Indonesia merupakan daerah yang subur ditanami oleh tanaman pisang sehingga jenis tanaman ini dijumpai dalam jumlah yang cukup banyak. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan alat untuk membuat kayu tiruan yang dapat digunakan secara dengan mudah dan murah.Tujuan studi ini ialah untuk merancang dan membangun alat cetak kayu tiruan dari bahan pelepah batang pisang. Metode yang digunakan ialah metode tekan dengan ketebalan 50 mm. Bahan-bahan yang digunakan berasal dari bahan-bahan yang mudah dijumpai dengan harga yang relatif lebih murah. Analisa kekuatan alat menggunakan perhitungan kesetimbangan gaya statis dari hukum-hukum  gerak mekanik Newton. Hasilnya diperoleh alat cetak kayu tiruan dengan sumber beban berasal dari pompa hidrolik sederhana. Alat ini juga telah berhasil menghasilkan papan tiruan dari bahan komposit laminate pelepah pisang.

Keywords


Cetakan Papan Tiruan, Komposit Laminate, Metode Tekan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Y. Rahayu, Statistik Bidang Planologi Kehutanan dan Tata Lingkungan Tahun 2016, Jakarta: Kementrian Pertanian Republik Indonesia, 2017.

D. Chrisendo, V. V. Krishna and H. Siregar, "Land-use change , nutrition , and gender roles in Indonesian farm households," Forest Policy and Economics Journal, vol. 118, p. 1–11, 2019.

T. Puspitojati, M. Y. Mile and E. Fauziah, Hutan Rakyat Sumbangsih Masyarakat Pedesaan Untuk Hutan Tanaman, Jakarta: PT. Kanisius, 2014.

A. R. H. Bisjoe, A. K. Wakka and N. Hayati, Kemitraan Pengelolaan Hutan Rakyat: Pembelajaran dari Bulukumba, Makassar: Kementrian Kehutanan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

B. A. Margono, P. V. Potapov, S. Turubanova, F. Stolle and M. C. Hansen, "Primary forest cover loss in Indonesia over 2000 – 2012," Journal of Foerstry, vol. 112, pp. 1-15, 2017.

A. A. Susanti, Outlook Komoditi Pisang, Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Pertanian, 2014.

B. Harpini, Komoditas Ekspor Indonesia, Jakarta: Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia, 2017.

A. Kuczumow, J. Nowak and R. Kuzioła, "Analysis of the composition and minerals diagrams determination of petrified wood," Microchemicals Journal, vol. 148, p. 120–129, 2019.

E. J. Barbero, Introduction to Composite Materials Design, New York: CRC Press, 2018.

A. Padanattil, J. Karingamanna and K. M. Mini, "Novel hybrid composites based on glass and sisal fiber for retrofitting of reinforced concrete structures," Construction Building Materials, vol. 133, p. 146–153, 2017.

M. Yuhazri, A. Zulfikar and A. Ginting, "Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite as a Strengthening of Concrete Structures: A Review," in 2nd International Conference in Industry and Manufacture Engineering, Medan, 2020.

K. L. Pickering, M. G. A. Efendy and T. M. Le, "A review of recent developments in natural fibre composites and their mechanical performance," Composite Part A, vol. 83, p. 98–112, 2016.

B. Xu and H. Y. Li, Advanced Composite Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, Beijing: Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2012.

B. Benhabib, Manufacturing, Design, Production, Automation, and Integration, New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003.

S. S. Kumar and V. Anbumalar, "Selection and Evaluation of Natural Fibers – A Literature Review," Composite Part A, vol. 18, p. 929–939, 2015.

A. Lotfi, H. Li and D. V. Dao, "Natural fiber–reinforced composites: A review on material, manufacturing, and machinability," Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, vol. 5, pp. 1-47, 2019.

A. J. Zulfikar, "The Flexural Strength of Artificial Laminate Composite Boards made from Banana Stems," Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx) Journal, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 334-340, 2020.

A. J. Zulfikar, B. Umroh and M. Y. R. Siahaan, "Design and manufacture of skateboard from banana stem," JMEMME (Journal of Mechanical Enggineering, Manufactures, Materials and Energy), vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 109-116, 2019.

A. J. Zulfikar, B. Umroh and M. Y. Siahaan, "Investigation of Mechanical Behavior of Polymeric Foam Materials Reinforced by Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches (OPEFB) Fibers Due to Static and Dynamic Loads," JMEMME, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 10-19, 2019.

A. Rahmansyah and A. Zulfikar, "Manufacture of Water Pipe From Clampshell Powder Materials," JMEMME (JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, MANUFACTURES, MATERIALS AND ENERGY), vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 73-77, 2018.

A. Zulfikar and G. Harahap, "Numerical Analysis of Polymer Foam Composite Material (PFCM) Reinforced by Palm Empty Bunch Fiber (PEBF) at Fracture Point Due to High Strain Impact Load," Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx) Journal, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 86-95, 2020.

Zulfikar and Misdawati, "Manufacture of mold of polymeric composite water pipe reinforced charcoal," in Friendly City 4 International Conference, Medan, 2018.

A. J. Zulfikar, A. Sofyan and M. Y. Siahaan, "Numerical Simulation on The Onion Dryer Frame Capacity of 5 kg/hour," JMEMME (Journal of Mechanical Engineering Manufactures Materials and Energy), vol. 2, no. 2, p. 86‐92, 2018.

A. Zulfikar and Z. Arief, "Kekuatan Tekan Parking Bumper Trapesium Dimodifikasi (PBTD) Berbahan Serat Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit," Mekintek, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 423-428, 2015.

A. Zulfikar, "Desain Cetakan Pipa Air Komposit Polimer Arang Kayu," in Seminar Nasional Teknologi dan Rekayasa (SNTR 2016), Tapak Tuan, 2016.

A. Zulfikar, "ANALISA EKSPERIMENTAL MODULUS ELASTISITAS BAHAN KOMPOSIT GLASS FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC (GFRP) BERDASARKAN VARIASI DIAMETER SERAT AKIBAT BEBAN IMPAK LAJU REGANGAN TINGGI EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF MODULUS ELASTICITY GLASS," JMEMME (Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Manufactures, Materials and Energy), vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 47-56, 2017.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/jmemme.v5i1.4148

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JMEMME: JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, MANUFACTURES, MATERIALS AND ENERGY
Program Studi Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Tenik, Universitas Medan Area
Universitas Medan Area, Jalan Kolam No. 1, Pasar V, Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara http://ojs.uma.ac.id/index.php/jmemme dan Email: jmemme@uma.ac.id
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License