Peta Koalisi Partai-Partai Politik di Indonesia pada Pemilihan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Pasca Orde Baru

Autor(s): Esty Ekawati
DOI: 10.31289/jppuma.v7i2.2680

Abstract

Reformation became an important moment of democratization in Indonesia. The two important political changes that occur in reformation era are the freedom to establish political parties and the electoral system. Such changes have an impact on the emergence of a coalition phenomenon in Indonesia, because general elections with multiparty systems are unable to produce a majority vote in parliament. This paper aims to map and analyze the dinamic of the political party coalition in Indonesia’ presidential election in the reform era within coalition theories by Riker, Katz&Mair and Swaan. Using a qualitative approach and secondary data from media and literature, the main factor that influence the formation of coalitions in the presidential elections in the reform era is political pragmatism. It Political pragmatism makes political partiesparty politics as a cartel party that becomes the agent of the state and employ the resources of the state to ensure their party’ survival. Pragmatism ultimately makes the ideology is not a binding factor in building a coalition, but simply to maximize power.

Keywords

Election, Political Party, Coalition, Pragmatism

References

Ambardi, K. (2009). Mengungkap Politik Kartel. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Azed, A.B, (2014). Pilpres di Era Transisi Tahun 1999. Diunduh di http://www.jambiekspres.co.id/berita-18609-pilpres-di-era-transisi-tahun-1999.html./tanggal 20 April 2019.

Budiardjo, M. (2008). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Politik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Budiatri, A.P. (2018). Personalisasi Partai Politik di Indonesia di Era Reformasi. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Ekawati, E. (2015). “Koalisi Partai Islam di Indonesia pada Pemilihan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden tahun 2014”, Jurnal Penelitian Politik LIPI, Vol.15, No.1.

Fattah, E.S. (2000). Zaman Kesempatan: Agenda Besar Demokratisasi Pasca Orde Baru. Bandung: Mizan.

Hasan, I.R, (2014). Islam Dalam Pusaran Politik Pilpres 2014.” Diunduh dari http://www.csrc.or.id/berita-278-islam-dalam-pusaran-politik-pilpres-2014.html. tanggal 20 September 2014.

Hakim, R.N, (2018). Drama Penunjukan Sandiaga Uno Jadi Cawapres Prabowo", Diunduh dari https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2018/08/10/08230561/drama-penunjukan-sandiaga-uno-jadi-cawapres-prabowo?page=3. Tanggal 25 Agustus 2018.

Katz, R.S. & Mair, P. (1995). Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy: The Emergence of the Cartel Party. London: Sage Publication, Vol. 1. No.1.

Mujani, S. Liddle, W, & Ambardhi, K. (2011). Kuasa Rakyat. Jakarta: Mizan.

Noer, D, (et all). (1999). Mengapa Partai Islam Kalah? Perjalanan Politik Islam dari Pra-Pemilu 1999 sampai Pemilihan Presiden, Jakarta: ALVABET.

Neuwman, W.L. (2003). Social Research Method: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 5th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Redaksi, (2001). “DPP PAN Menolak Kompromi Politik”, Diunduh dari https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/10509/dpp-pan-menolak-kompromi-politik?related=dable&utm_expid=.9Z4i5ypGQeGiS7w9arwTvQ.1&utm_referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.co.id%2F, tanggal 12 Agustus 2019.

Romli, L. (2008). Masalah Kelembagaan Partai Politik di Indonesia Pasca-Orde Baru, Jurnal Penelitian Politik LIPI, Vol. 5, No. 1.

Sartori, G.R. (2005). Parties and Party Systems: a Framework for Analysis. UK: ECPR Press.

Strom, K. (1990). “A Behavioral Theory of Competitive Political Parties”. American Journal of Political Science, Volume 34.

Tim Litbang Kompas. (2004). Partai-partai Politik di Indonesia: Ideologi dan Program 2004-2009.

Pusat Penelitian Politik Year Book 2004. (2004). Quo Vadis Politik Indonesia. Jakarta: LIPI press.

Rahmah, G, (2017). Pengamat: SBY-Prabowo Bertemu, Peta Politik Mengulangi 2014, Diunduh di https://nasional.tempo.co/read/895104/pengamat-sby-prabowo-bertemu-peta-politik-mengulangi-2014/tanggal 12 Maret 2018.

Wardani. S.B.E. (2007). Koalisi Parpol dalam Pemilihan Kepala Daerah secara Langsung kasus Pilkada Provinsi Banten tahun 2006. Jakarta: Tesis UI.

Widiastuti, R, (2018). Detik-detik sebelum Jokowi Umumkan Ma'ruf Amin Jadi Cawapres”. Diunduh dari https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1115647/detik-detik-sebelum-jokowi-umumkan-maruf-amin-jadi-cawapres. tanggal 25 Agustus 2018.

Yuda, H. (2010). Presidensialisme Setengah Hati: Dari Dilema ke Kompromi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.