The Application of Innovative Technology on Internal Border Control in Schengen Area


Septyanto Galan Prakoso(1*), Eryan Dwiki Effendi(2), Rizaldi Yazid Purnama Putra(3), Rameez Ali Surya Negara(4), Niki Wahyu Sayekti(5),


(1) National Sun Yat-sen University Universitas Sebelas Maret
(2) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(3) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(4) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(5) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This article or writing aims to discuss the application of technology and certain mechanism as the impact of a disruptive era on internal border control in the Schengen area. The problem is focused on the internal border system which got reintroduced as a countermeasure against the 2015 Migrant Crisis in Europe. The analysis conducted in this research will measure whether the application of technology gives a practical benefit in alleviating internal border controls or negative impact such as discrimination towards refugees and immigrants in the Schengen area. In order to approach this problem a theoretical reference is used from international relations’ perspective, as a part of the political science greater scope on the issue. The data is collected through library research and analyzed qualitatively. This study concludes that various improvements and improvisation were made in the implementation of border controls. There are several steps taken by the EU for border control checks by utilizing technology such as Visa Information System (VIS), Schengen Information System (SIS), European Travel Information and Authorization System (ETIAS), and FRONTEX. These technologies allow Schengen states to share visa data about individual who enters European Union from its various borders, enable seamless cooperation regarding border controls and law enforcement and visitor tracking between countries. This study conclude that the application of innovative technology on internal border control in Schengen Area is well applied and projectively very useful to tackle the security concerns and conflicting interests within the Schengen area and remove the needs of unnecessarily long physical internal border controls.


Keywords


Schengen Area; European Union; Application of technology; Disruptive Era; Migration.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aisch, G., & Pearce, A. (2016). Rosseau Bryant. How Far Is Europe Swinging to the Right? Retrieved from New York Times: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/05/22/world/europe/europe-right-wing-austria-hungary.html

Alduy, C. (2014). How a Far-Right, Anti-Immigrant Party Became France’s ‘New Normal. Retrieved from The Nation: https://www.thenation.com/article/how-far-right-anti-immigrant-party-became-frances-new-normal/

Anne, N. (2016). Merkel, Germany and Europe's Migrant Crisis - Analyzing Domestic International Synergies in Chancellor Merkel's . Retrieved from International Studies Association: http://web.isanet.org/Web/Conferences/CEEISA-ISA-LBJ2016/Archive/4f068142-b411-4eb0-87f9-e2f644b8a9d4.pdf

BBC. (2016). Migrants Crisis : Austria Sets Asylum Claims Cap and Transit Limit. Retrieved from BBC: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-35600220

CBC Radio. (2015). Croatia Flooded With Refugees, Critics Says EU Failing Them. Retrieved from CBC Radio: https://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-september-21-2015-1.3236514/croatia-flooded-with-refugees-critics-say-eu-failing-them-1.3236549

Deustche Welle. (2019). Orban: Refugee Crisis is a 'German Problem'. Retrieved from DW: https://www.dw.com/en/orban-refugee-crisis-is-a-german-problem/a-18691306

DW. (2019, August 5). EU Border Force Frontex Implicated in Migrants Abuse. Retrieved from DW: https://www.dw.com/en/eu-border-force-frontex-implicated-in-migrant-abuse/a-49892097

Economist, T. (2018). Border Checks Are Undermining Schengen. Retrieved November 25, 2019, from https://www.economist.com/europe/2018/10/27/border-checks-are-undermining-schengen

Ensor, J. (2016). Photo of My Dead Son Has Changed Nothing 'Says Father of Drowned Syrian Refugee Boy Alan Kurdi. Retrieved from Telegraph: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/09/01/photo-of-my-dead-son-has-changed-nothing-says-father-of-drowned/

Euractiv. (2017). Polish PM Rejects EU ‘Blackmail’ on Migrants. Retrieved from Euractiv: https://www.euractiv.com/section/justice-home-affairs/news/polish-pm-rejects-eu-blackmail-on-migrant-quotas/

EUR-Lex. (2019). Union Code on The Rules Governing the Movement Persons Across Borders (Schengen Borders Code). Retrieved from EUR-Lex: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32016R0399&from=EN

European Commission. (2019). EU Delivers on Strongers European Border and Coast Guard to Support Member States. Retrieved from European Commission: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_19_6237

European Council. (2019). EU Facility For Refugees in Turkey, List Project Commited/Decided,Contracted,Disbursed. Retrieved from European Council: https://ec.europa.eu/neighbourhood-enlargement/sites/near/files/facility_table.pdf

European Council. (n.d.). Schengen Agreement Convention. Retrieved from European Council: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/e-library/glossary/schengen-agreement-convention_en

European Parliament. (2017). Secondary Movements of Asylum-seekers in the EU Asylum System. Retrieved from European Union: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2017/608728/EPRS_BRI(2017)608728_EN.pdf.

European Parliament. (2018). Function of Schengen Area. Retrieved from European Parliament: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2018-0160_EN.html

Hayes, B. (2004). From the Schengen Information System to SIS II and the Visa Information (VIS): the proposals explained. Statewatch Analysis.

Kamasa, J. (2019). New Technologies for Border Controls in Europe. CSS Analyses in Security Policy No. 255. Retreived from CSS Eth Zurich: https://css.ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-interest/gess/cis/center-for-securities-studies/pdfs/CSSAnalyse255-EN.pdf

Konig, M. (2016). The Borders, They Are a Changing! The Emergence of Socio-Digital Borders in the EU. Internet Policy Review, Journal on Internet Regulation Volume 5, Issues 1. Retreived from Maastricht University: https://openjournals.maastrichtuniversity.nl/Marble/article/view/268/225

Lichfield, J. (2015). Germany Opens Its Gates : Berlin says all Syrian asylum-seekers are welcome to remain, as Britain is urged to make a ‘similar statement’. Retrieved from Independent: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/germany-opens-its-gates-berlin-says-all-syrian-asylum

McKenna, J. (2019). Matteo Salvini Join Protest Against Italy’s New Government As It Moves To Undo Hardline Policies. Retrieved from Telegraph: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/09/08/matteo-salvini-join-protest-against-italys-new-government-moves/

Roberts, H. (2019). European Election: Salvini Becomes Prime Minister in All But Name After Italian Far-Right Party Wins Big. Retrieved from The Independent: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/european-elections-italy-matteo-salvini-league-liga-five-star-coalit

Sahin, T. (2017). How Does The Registraion System Work For Refugees in Turkey? . Retrieved from TRT World: https://www.trtworld.com/turkey/how-does-the-registration-system-work-for-refugees-in-turkey--12264.

Scatch, K. (2019). Border Checks in EU Countries Challenge Schengen Agreements. Retrieved from DW: https://www.dw.com/en/border-checks-in-eu-countries-challenge-schengen-agreement/a-51033603

Schumacher, E. (2018). What is the Frontex – European Border and Coast Guard Agency. Retrieved from DW: https://www.dw.com/en/what-is-the-frontex-the-european-border-and-coast-guard-agency/a-44441231.

The Economist. (2018). Border Checks Are Undermining Schengen. Retrieved from The Economist: https://www.economist.com/europe/2018/10/27/border-checks-are-undermining-schengen

The Guardian. (2015). Angela Merkel Defends Germany Handling of Refugee Influx. Retrieved from The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/sep/15/angela-merkel-defends-germanys-handling-of-refugee-influx

The Japan Times. (2019). EU Border Force Frontex Accused of Allowing Abuse of Migrants. Retrieved from The Japan Times: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/08/06/world/social-issues-world/eu-border-force-frontex-accused-allowing-abuse-migrants/

UNHCR. (n.d.). Registration with The Turkish Authorities. . Retrieved from UNHCR: https://help.unhcr.org/turkey/information-for-syrians/reception-and-registration-with-the-turkish-authorities/

Vladisavljevic, A. (2019). Migrants Still Trekking Into Croatia Despite Winter Cold. . Retrieved from Balkan Insight: https://balkaninsight.com/2019/01/18/cold-winter-not-stopping-the-migrants-on-their-way-01-16-2019/




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/jppuma.v9i2.5095

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 JPPUMA: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik UMA (Journal of Governance and Political Social UMA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Medan Area
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License