Budaya Batak Toba dalam Pelayanan Pariwisata Danau Toba di Parapat


Eka Debora Harianja(1*), R. Hamdani Harahap(2), Zulkifli Lubis(3),


(1) Universitas Sumatera Utara
(2) Universitas Sumatera Utara
(3) Universitas Sumatera Utara
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Toba Batak culture is very important for the development of Lake Toba tourism in Parapat. Toba 3H Batak culture (Hamoraon, Hagabeon, and Hasangapon) is a culture that is strongly held by the Toba Batak people. And the culture is carried out in daily living habits including the way the Toba Batak people in Parapat treat tourists and if tourists are satisfied, of course there will be tourism development. So in this study will look at the attitudes, attention, actions, and anticipation of tourism actors both local Toba Batak communities, business people and related parties in increasing the development of tourism in Parapat. The methodology used in this research is qualitative research with a descriptive approach. The informants in this study were key informants in this study were tribal chiefs who knew Batak culture well, the main informants in this study were domestic tourists with Toba Batak and foreign tourists who ended up in Parapat and additional informants in this study were business actors and givers tourism services such as traders, hotel entrepreneurs, restaurant entrepreneurs, hotel servants, restaurant servants, parking attendants, etc., and tourism observers and responsible government agencies such as the Tourism Office and BPS The results of this study indicate that Batak Toba culture can have a positive and negative impact on Lake Toba tourism, but in this study it was seen that Batba Toba 3H culture had a negative impact on the development of tourism. It can be seen how the Toba Batak people serve tourists. The obstacles faced are the habit of the Batak Toba people who are very hard and want to be respected, making tourists not want to return to Parapat

Keywords


Culture; Toba Batak Culture; Tourism Development; Parapat

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aminah, S. (2019). Pengantar Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Ilmu Politik. Jakarta: Kencana

Ariyanto. (2005). Ekonomi Pariwisata Jakarta: {online} tersedia: http://www.

Buaton, K. (2015). “Kriteria Pengembangan Kawasan Wisata Danau Toba Parapat, Sumatera Utara” dalam jurnal Teknik ITS Vol 4, No.1. Surabaya : ITS

Caniago, Y. (2010). Konsep Dasar Wisata dan Sapta Pesona. Diakses dari http://wisatakandi.blogspot.com pada tanggal 17 desember 2010

Damanik, J. (2015). Membangun Pariwisata dari Bawah. Yogyakarta: UGM

Ernawati, N.M. (2011). Pengaruh Pariwisata terhadap Kehidupan Sosial Budaya Pesisir di Kawasan Taman Nasional Bali Barat dan Taman

Fandeli, C. (1995). Dasar-dasar Manajemen Kepariwisataan Alam. Yogyakarta: Liberty

Fauzi, I.A., (2003). Jurgen Habermas. Jaksel: Teraju

geocities.com/ariyantoeks

Harahap, H. (2020). Traditional Wisdom of Batak Toba Coomunity in Preserving Lake Toba Ecosystem In Samosir District and Dairi District, North Sumatera Province. Medan: USU

Hasselgren, J. (2008). Batak Toba di Medan: Perkembangan Identitas Etno-Religius Batak Toba D Medan 1912-1965, Medan: Bina Media Perintis

Kimmal, C. (2015). Sustainability of Tourism as Development Strategy for Cultural Landscape in China Case Study of Ping’an Village dalam Journal Of Rural and Community Developmen 10(2), 121-135

Koentjaraningrat. (2000). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

Priono, Y. (2011). Studi Dampak Pariwisata Bukit Batu Kabupaten Kasongan Ditinjau dari Aspek Ekonomi, Sosial dan Budaya, Jurnal, 6(2).

Samsuridjal, D, (1997). Peluang di Bidang Pariwisata. Jakarta: PT. Mutiara Sumber Widya

Setyabudi, I. (2014). Konsumen dan Pelayanan Prima.Yogyakarta: Penerbit Gava Media

Sidarta, I.W.T. (2002). “Dampak Perkembangan Pariwisata Sanur terhadap Kondisi Lingkungan, Sosial Budaya dan Ekonomi Masyarakat” dalam Thesis Pasca Sarjana. Semarang : Program Universitas Diponogoro

Singarimbun, M., dan Effendi, S. (1995). Metode Penelitian Survei. Jakarta: Pustaka LP3S

Singh, M. (2014). A Case Study on Socio Cultural Impacts of Tourism in The City of Jaipur, Rajastan dalam Journal of Business Managemen & Social Science Research. India: University of India

Situmorang. (1983). Stratifikasi Sosial Masyarakat Batak Toba, Lamp. I A. Indonesia: Balai Pustaka

Spillane, J.J. (1987). Pariwisata Indonesia Sejarah dan Prospeknya. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, Pustaka Tama

Sugiyono. (2008). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif. Bandung: CV Alfabeta

Suharyadi, P. (2004). Statistika Dasar. Jakarta : PT. Raja Grafindo Persada

Tjiptono, F. (2004). Perspektif Manajemen dan Pemasaran Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi

Utama, I.G.B.R. (2016). Pengantar Industri Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Deepublish

Widya, K. (2015). Jurnal Kriteria Pengembangan Kawasan Wisata Danau Toba Parapat, Sumatera Utara. Surabaya: ITS

Yoeti, A ,O. (1996). Pengantar Ilmu Pariwisata Edisi Revisi. Bandung: Penerbit Angkasa

Yoeti, A,O. (1982). Pengantar Ilmu Pariwisata. Bandung: Angkasa

Zaei, M.E. (2013). The Impact of Tourism Industry on Host Community dalam European Journal of Tourism Hospitality and Research, 1(2).

Diakses dari Internet :

www.wikpedia/saptapesonapariwisata.com/ diakses pada 21 November 2017

pukul 03.00 WIB

www.repository.usu.ac.id/ Master thesse/Studi Pembangunan diakses pada 21

November 2017 pukul 01.00

www.jurnal.com/Pengaruh Pariwisata terhadap kehidupan Sosial Budaya Pesisir

di Kawasan Taman Nasional

www.slideshare.net/act 2 profit/teknik pelayanan wisatawan.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4306

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Politik, Universitas Medan Area

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.